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Crystal Structure and Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of Salts of Triphenylguanidine with Carboxylic Acids

Authors: P. S. P. Silva, C. Cardoso, M. R. Silva, J. A. Paixao, A. Matos Beja, M. H. Garcia, N. Lopes

Ref.: J. Phys. Chem. A 114, 2607-2617 (2010)

Abstract: N,N′,N′′-triphenylguanidinium carboxylate salts have been prepared by acid-base reactions of triphenylguani- dine with formic, benzoic, and m-methoxybenzoic acids, and their single-crystal X-ray structure analysis has been performed. The salts were found to crystallize into noncentrosymmetric structures with an orthorhombic space group P212121 for the formate and m-methoxybenzoate salts and a monoclinic space group Cc for the benzoate salt. The anions and cations are linked by intermolecular hydrogen bonds with the same motifs in the three salts. By using the molecular structures, the molecular first hyperpolarizabilities of several clusters were determined by semiempirical methods, and the components of the second-order susceptibility tensor, d, of triphenylguanidine and those of the reported crystals were evaluated using the oriented gas model with two different local-field corrections. The efficiency of the second-harmonic generation of triphenylguanidine and that of the reported triphenylguanidinium salts were measured using the Kurtz and Perry powder method.

DOI: 10.1021/jp909005q