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Cluster size entropy in the Axelrod model of social influence: Complex networks and mass media.

Authors: Yérali Gandica, A. Charmell, J. Villegas-Febres and I. Bonalde

Ref.: Physical Review E 84, 046109 (2011)

Abstract: We study the Axelrod’s cultural adaptation model using the concept of cluster-size entropy Sc, which gives information on the variability of the cultural cluster size present in the system. Using networks of different topologies, from regular to random, we find that the critical point of the well-known nonequilibrium monocultural- multicultural (order-disorder) transition of the Axelrod model is given by the maximum of the Sc (q) distributions. The width of the cluster entropy distributions can be used to qualitatively determine whether the transition is first or second order. By scaling the cluster entropy distributions we were able to obtain a relationship between the critical cultural trait qc and the number F of cultural features in two-dimensional regular networks. We also analyze the effect of the mass media (external field) on social systems within the Axelrod model in a square network. We find a partially ordered phase whose largest cultural cluster is not aligned with the external field, in contrast with a recent suggestion that this type of phase cannot be formed in regular networks. We draw a q − B phase diagram for the Axelrod model in regular networks.