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Effect of activating flux and shielding gas on the microstructure of TIG welds in an austenitic stainless steel

Authors: A. Loureiro, B.F.O. Costa, A.C. Batista, A. Rodrigues

Ref.: Science and Technology of Welding and Joining 14-4, 615-620 (2009)

Abstract: The aim of this research is to study the effect of an activating flux, two shielding gases (100%Ar and 50%Ar+50%He) and a range of weld currents on the microstructure of autogeneous A-TIG welds on an austenitic stainless steel. Metallographic, Mossbauer, X-ray diffraction and magnetic permeability methods were used in the study to evaluate ferrite content in the welds. The increase in welding current coarsened the microstructure and increased the retained ferrite content in welds made with and without flux. The activating flux increases the ferrite content and changes the distribution of ferrite in the welds. The influence of flux on ferrite content is less significant in Ar/He than in Ar shield welds. The process of filling steel samples, currently used in the Mossbauer method, drastically changes the microstructure of the parent and melted austenitic stainless steels.

DOI: 10.1179/136217108X347610