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##### The lattice Landau gauge photon propagator for 4D compact QED

**Authors**: Lee C. Loveridge, Orlando Oliveira, Paulo J. Silva

**Ref.**: Phys. Rev. D **103**, 094519 (2021)

**Abstract**: In this work we report on the Landau gauge photon propagator computed for pure gauge 4D compact QED in the confined and deconfined phases and for large lattice volumes: 324, 484 and 964. In the confined phase, compact QED develops mass scales that render the propagator finite at all momentum scales and no volume dependence is observed for the simulations performed. Furthermore, for the confined phase the propagator is compatible with a Yukawa massive type functional form. For the deconfined phase the photon propagator seems to approach a free field propagator as the lattice volume is increased. In both cases, we also investigate the static potential and the average value of the number of Dirac strings in the gauge configurations m. In the confined phase the mass gap translates into a linearly growing static potential, while in the deconfined phase the static potential approaches a constant at large separations. Results shows that m is, at least, one order of magnitude larger in the confined phase and confirm that the appearance of a confined phase is connected with the topology of the gauge group.