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57Fe Mössbauer Analysis of Meteorites and Tektites

Authors: B.F.O. Costa, E.I. Alves, P.A.O.C. Silva, A.C. Batista, Minerals

Ref.: Minerals 11, 628 (2021)

Abstract: This review presents studies on iron meteorites (Campo del Cielo fall and an unregistered iron meteorite), an unregistered stony meteorite from Northwest Africa, and 13 tektites from the American, European, and Australasian strewn fields. The main experimental technique used in the studies was Mössbauer spectroscopy, both in transmission and backscattering geometries. For the latter, a MIMOS II spectrometer was used. Additionally, optical and scanning electron microscopies and X-ray diffraction were used. In the studied iron meteorites, kamacite is found as the main mineral. Campo del Cielo meteorite exhibits Widmanstätten patterns and schreibersite inclusions. The unregistered iron meteorite has Neumann lines and schreibersite inclusions. We have assigned Campo del Cielo as an octahedrite and the unregistered iron meteorite as a hexahedrite. The unregistered stony meteorite is composed mainly of iron-free silicates; at 4.2 K, the spectrum indicates maghemite and 1% troilite. The Cambodian tektite appeared individualized from other australasites, unlike the moldavite, which tends to cluster with them. Our analyses do not allow dismissing doubts on the provenance of tibetanites. The Fe3+/Fe2+ ratio was found to be higher for Muong Nong-type tektites than for splash-form tektites, as expected from their morphology and solidification from melt at lower temperature.

DOI: 10.33890/min11060628