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Light hyperclusters and hyperons in low-density hot stellar matter

Authors: Tiago Custódio; Helena Pais; Constança Providência

Ref.: Phys. Rev. C 104, 035801 (2021)

Abstract: The abundance of light nuclei and hyperons, that are produced in stellar environments such as supernova or binary mergers, is calculated within a relativistic mean-field model with density-dependent couplings in low-density matter. Five light nuclei are considered, together with three light hypernuclei. We show that the presence of hyperons shifts the dissolution of clusters to larger densities, and increases the amount of clusters. This effect is larger the smaller the charge fraction, and the higher the temperature. The abundance of hyperons is also affected by the cluster formation: neutral and positively charged hyperons suffer a reduction, and the negatively charged ones an increase. We also observe that the dissolution of the less-abundant clusters occurs at larger densities due to smaller Pauli-blocking effects. Overall, hypernuclei set in at temperatures above 25 MeV, and, depending on the temperature and chemical composition, they may be more abundant than α particles, or even more abundant than other heavier clusters.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.104.035801

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