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Induced surface and curvature tension equation of state for hadron resonance gas in finite volumes and its relation to morphological thermodynamics

Authors: K. A. Bugaev , O. V. Vitiuk , B. E. Grinyuk , P. P. Panasiuk , N. S. Yakovenko , E. S. Zherebtsova , Violetta Sagun , O. I. Ivanytskyi , L. V. Bravina , D. B. Blaschke , S. Kabana , S. V. Kuleshov , A. V. Taranenko , E. E. Zabrodin and G. M. Zinovjev

Ref.: Intern. J. Mod. Phys. A 36, No. 34n35, 2141009 (2021)

Abstract: Here, we develop an original approach to investigate the grand canonical partition function of the multicomponent mixtures of Boltzmann particles with hard-core interaction in finite and even small systems of the volumes above 20 fm3. The derived expressions of the induced surface tension equation of state (EoS) are analyzed in detail. It is shown that the metastable states, which can emerge in the finite systems with realistic interaction, appear at very high pressures at which the hadron resonance gas, most probably, is not applicable at all. It is shown how and under what conditions the obtained results for finite systems can be generalized to include into a formalism the equation for curvature tension. The applicability range of the obtained equations of induced surface and curvature tensions for finite systems is discussed and their close relations to the equations of the morphological thermodynamics are established. The hadron resonance gas model on the basis of the obtained advanced EoS is worked out. Also, this model is applied to analyze the chemical freeze-out of hadrons and light nuclei with the number of (anti-) baryons not exceeding 4. Their multiplicities were measured by the ALICE Collaboration in the central lead–lead collisions at the center-of-mass energy 2.76 TeV.

DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X21410098

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