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Landau parameters and entrainment matrix of cold stellar matter: effect of the symmetry energy and strong magnetic fields

Authors: Helena Pais; Oleksii Ivanytskyi; Constança Providência

Ref.: J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys. 04, 024, 024 (2022)

Abstract: Nuclear matter properties based on a relativistic approach suitable for the description of multi-component systems are calculated. We use a set of nuclear relativistic mean-field models that satisfy acceptable nuclear matter properties and neutron star observations. The effects of the density dependence of the symmetry energy and of the Landau quantization due to the presence of a strong external magnetic field are discussed. Properties such as the proton fraction, the Landau mass, Landau parameters and entrainment matrix, the adiabatic index and speed of sound are calculated for cold β-equilibrium matter. A large dispersion on the calculated properties is obtained at two to three times saturation density ρ0. The proton Landau mass can be as low as one third of the vacuum nucleon mass at 2-3 ρ0. Similar effects are obtained for the Landau parameters, in particular, the ones involving protons, where the relative dispersion of F0 pp and F1 pp is as high as 30% to 50% at 2-3 ρ0. These parameters are particularly sensitive to the symmetry energy. The effect of the magnetic field on the nuclear properties is small for fields as high as 101818G except for a small range of densities just above the crust-core transition. Tables with the EoS, and the parameters, are provided in the supplementary data section.

DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2022/04/024

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