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Tidal deformability as a probe of dark matter in neutron stars

Authors: D. R. Karkevandi, S. Shakeri, Violetta Sagun, O. Ivanytskyi

Ref.: Intern. J. Mod. Phys. D, Proceedings of the Sixteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity Online; 5-10 July 2021., 3713-3731 (2023)

Abstract: The concept of boson stars (BSs) was first introduced by Kaup and Ruffini and Bonazzola in the 1960s. Following this idea, we investigate an effect of self-interacting asymmetric bosonic dark matter (DM) according to Colpi et al. model for BSs (1986) on different observable properties of neutron stars (NSs). In this paper, the bosonic DM and baryonic matter (BM) are mixed together and interact only through gravitational force. The presence of DM as a core of a compact star or as an extended halo around it is examined by applying different boson masses and DM fractions for a fixed coupling constant. The impact of DM core/halo formations on a DM admixed NS properties is probed through the maximum mass and tidal deformability of NSs. Thanks to the recent detection of Gravitational-Waves (GWs) and the latest X-ray observations, the DM admixed NS’s features are compared to LIGO/Virgo and NICER results.

DOI: 10.1142/9789811269776_0307

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