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Over 100 mV V-OC Improvement for Rear Passivated ACIGS Ultra-Thin Solar Cells

Authors: Oliveira, A; Curado, M; Teixeira, J; Tome, D; Caha, I; Oliveira, K; Lopes, T ; Monteiro, M; Violas, A; Correira, M; Fernandes, P; Deepak, F; Edoff, M; Salome, P

Ref.: Adv. Funct. Mater. (2023)

Abstract: A decentralized energy system requires photovoltaic solutions to meet new aesthetic paradigms, such as lightness, flexibility, and new form factors. Notwithstanding, the materials shortage in the Green Transition is a concern gaining momentum due to their foreseen continuous demand. A fruitful strategy to shrink the absorber thickness, meeting aesthetic and shortage materials consumption targets, arises from interface passivation. However, a deep understanding of passivated systems is required to close the efficiency gap between ultra-thin and thin film devices, and to mono-Si. Herein, a (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se-2 ultra-thin solar cell, with 92% passivated rear interface area, is compared with a conventional nonpassivated counterpart. A thin MoSe2 layer, for a quasi-ohmic contact, is present in the two architectures at the contacts, despite the passivated device narrow line scheme. The devices present striking differences in charge carrier dynamics. Electrical and optoelectronic analysis combined with SCAPS modelling suggest a lower recombination rate for the passivated device, through a reduction on the rear surface recombination velocity and overall defects, comparing with the reference solar cell. The new architecture allows for a 2% efficiency improvement on a 640 nm ultra-thin device, from 11% to 13%, stemming from an open circuit voltage increase of 108 mV.

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202303188