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Nonstrange quark stars within resummed QCD

Authors: Tulio E. Restrepo; Constança Providência;, Marcus Benghi Pinto

Ref.: Phys. Rev. D 107, 114015 (2023)

Abstract: The recently developed resummation technique known as renormalization group optimized perturbation theory (RGOPT) is employed in the evaluation of the equation of state (EOS) describing nonstrange cold quark matter at next-to leading order. Inspired by recent investigations, which suggest that stable quark matter can be made only of up and down quarks, the mass-radius relation for two flavor pure quark stars is evaluated and compared with the predictions from perturbative QCD (pQCD) at next-to-next-to leading order. This comparison explicitly shows that by being imbued with renormalization group properties, and a variational optimization procedure, the method allows for an efficient resummation of the perturbative series. Remarkably, when the renormalization scale is chosen so as to reproduce maximum mass stars with M=2-2.3M⊙, one obtains a mass-radius curve compatible with the masses and radii of the pulsars PSR J0740+6620, PSR J0030+0451, and the compact object HESS J1731-347. Moreover, the scale dependence of the EOS (and mass-radius relation) obtained with the RGOPT is greatly improved when compared to that of pQCD. This seminal application to the description of quark stars shows that the RGOPT represents a robust alternative to pQCD when describing compressed quark matter.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.107.114015

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