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Structural, morphological, optical, magnetic and impedance spectroscopic properties of Ni0.5Fe2.5O4 nanoparticles synthesized by the self-combustion method

Authors: El Heda, I.; Massoudi, J.; Dhahri, R.; Bahri, F.; Dhahri, E.; Khirouni, K.; Costa, B.F.O.; Lemine, O.M.

Ref.: Physica E. 158, 115904 (2024)

Abstract: The synthesis of Ni0.5Fe2.5O4 nanoparticles was successfully carried out by the self-combustion method using glycine as fuel. Analysis of the XRD measurements indicates the formation of a cubic spinel monophase with the space group (Fd-3m) and a nanometric crystallite size. According to the optical study, this sample shows strong absorption in the visible range with a gap energy of 3.7 eV, making it a good candidate for optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications. Complex impedance spectroscopy was carried out in the temperature range 300-480 K with the frequency varying between 40 Hz and 5 MHz. The frequency dependence of the dielectric constant was explained in terms of charge carrier transport between Fe2+ and Fe3+, while its temperature dependence indicates dielectric relaxor behavior. The scaling law shows a perfect superposition of impedance and modulus spectrum in the temperature range studied which confirms that the increase of temperature does not bring any change on the mechanism of relaxation. For the electrical properties, the conductivity study shows a semiconducting behavior with a predominance of the Non -Overlapping Small Polaron Tunneling (NSPT) model over the conduction process. The dc conductivity and jump frequency are positively correlated by the extracted activation energies. Summerfield scaling leads to the superposition of the conductance spectra into a single main curve, confirming the validity of this approach. The low value of the dielectric loss and the high value of the permittivity at room temperature and at low frequencies make this sample a potential candidate for energy storage and microwave devices. In addition, the dependence of the magnetisation on the applied magnetic field has been studied in depth by adjusting the hysteresis cycle by different laws of the saturation approach.

DOI: 10.1016/j.physe.2024.115904