2024 | 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008

##### From neutron star observations to nuclear matter properties: A machine learning approach

**Authors**: Carvalho, V.; Ferreira, M.; Providencia, C.

**Ref.**: Phys. Rev. D **109 (12)**, 123038 (2024)

**Abstract**: This study is devoted to the inference problem of extracting the nuclear matter properties directly from a set of mass -radius observations. We employ Bayesian neural networks (BNNs), which is a probabilistic model capable of estimating the uncertainties associated with its predictions. To simulate different noise levels on the M ( R ) observations, we create three different sets of mock data. Our results show BNNs as an accurate and reliable tool for predicting the nuclear matter properties whenever the true values are not completely outside the training dataset statistics, i.e., if the model is not heavily dependent on its extrapolating capacities. Using real mass -radius pulsar data, the model predicted, for instance, L sym = 39.80 +/- 17.52 MeV and K sym = -101.67 +/- 62.86 MeV (2 sigma interval). Our study provides a valuable inference framework when new neutron star data becomes available.