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Warm unstable asymmetric nuclear matter: critical properties and the density dependence of the symmetry energy

Authors: N. Alam, H. Pais, C. Providência, B. K. Agrawal

Ref.: Phys. Rev. C 95, 055808 (2017)

Abstract: The spinodal instabilities in hot asymmetric nuclear matter and some important critical parameters derived thereof are studied using six different families of relativistic mean-field (RMF) models. The slopes of the symmetry energy coefficient vary over a wide range within each family. The critical densities and proton fractions are more sensitive to the symmetry energy slope parameter at temperatures much below its critical value (Tc∼14-16 MeV). The spread in the critical proton fraction at a given symmetry energy slope parameter is noticeably larger near Tc, indicating that the warm equation of state of asymmetric nuclear matter at sub-saturation densities is not sufficiently constrained. The distillation effects are sensitive to the density dependence of the symmetry energy at low temperatures which tend to wash out with increasing temperature.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.055808

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