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On separate chemical freeze-outs of hadrons and light(anti)nuclei in high energy nuclear collisions

Authors: K. A. Bugaev; B. E. Grinyuk; A. I. Ivanytskyi; Violetta Sagun; D. O. Savchenko; G. M. Zinovjev; E. G. Nikonov; L. V. Bravina; E. E. Zabrodin; D. B. Blaschke; S. Kabana; A. V. Taranenko

Ref.: J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Particle Physics and Astrophysics (ICPPA-2018) 1390, 012038 (2019)

Abstract: The multiplicities of light (anti)nuclei were measured recently by the ALICE collaboration in Pb+Pb collisions at the center-of-mass collision energy √sNN=2.76 TeV. Surprisingly, the hadron resonance gas model is able to perfectly describe their multiplicities under various assumptions. For instance, one can consider the (anti)nuclei with a vanishing hard-core radius (as the point-like particles) or with the hard-core radius of proton, but the fit quality is the same for these assumptions. In this paper we assume the hard-core radius of nuclei consisting of A baryons or antibaryons to follow the simple law R(A)=Rb(A)^1/3, where Rb is the hard-core radius of nucleon. To implement such a relation into the hadron resonance gas model we employ the induced surface tension concept and analyze the hadronic and (anti)nuclei multiplicities measured by the ALICE collaboration. The hadron resonance gas model with the induced surface tension allows us to verify different scenarios of chemical freeze-out of (anti)nuclei. It is shown that the most successful description of hadrons can be achieved at the chemical freeze-out temperature Th=150 MeV, while the one for all (anti)nuclei is TA= 168.5MeV. Possible explanations of this high temperature of (anti)nuclei chemical freeze-out are discussed.

DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1390/1/012038