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Composition-driven antiferromagnetic-weak ferromagnetic transition in bismuth ferrites

Authors: V.A. Khomchenko; J.A. Paixão; D.V.Karpinsky; S.I. Latushka; S.V. Dubkov; M.V. Silibin

Ref.: The International Scientific and Practical Conference “Multiferroics: Fabrication, Properties, Application (2019)

Abstract: The investigation aims at assessing the influence of Ca²⁺/Ti⁴⁺ co-doping on the crystal structure and magnetic properties of the BiFeO3 multiferroic exhibiting cycloidal spin ordering in the polar phase. We show that increasing the content of the substituents results in reducing the stability range of the cycloidal antiferromagnetic structure in external magnetic field. Above the critical concentration corresponding to the composition with x=0.15, the cycloidal order is removed to enable the formation of a weak ferromagnetic state. The spontaneous magnetization characteristic of the doping-stabilized weak ferromagnetic phase is very close to the locked magnetization releasing upon the magnetic field-induced cycloidal ordering ↔ canted ordering transition observed in the compounds with x≤0.15. Since the doping-driven magnetic transformation is not accompanied by changes in the symmetry of the crystal lattice, the Ca²⁺/Ti⁴⁺ co-substitution provides a promising opportunity to combine switchable magnetization and polarization in a single phase.