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Scalar-pseudoscalar meson behavior and restoration of symmetries in SU(3) PNJL model

Authors: P. Costa, M. C. Ruivo, C. A. de Sousa, H. Hansen, W.M. Alberico

Ref.: Phys. Rev. D 79, 116003-116027 (2009)

Abstract: The modification of mesonic observables in a hot medium is analyzed as a tool to investigate the restoration of chiral and axial symmetries in the context of the Polyakov-loop extended Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model. The results of the extended model lead to the conclusion that the effects of the Polyakov loop are fundamental for reproducing lattice findings. In particular, the partial restoration of the chiral symmetry is faster in the Polyakov–Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model than in the Nambu–Jona-Lasinio one, and it is responsible for several effects: the meson-quark coupling constants show a remarkable difference in both models, there is a faster tendency to recover the Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka rule, and finally the topological susceptibility nicely reproduces the lattice results around T/Tc≈1.0.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.79.116003