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Deconfinement and chiral restoration within the SU(3) Polyakov--Nambu--Jona-Lasinio and entangled Polyakov--Nambu--Jona-Lasinio models in an external magnetic field

Authors: Márcio Ferreira, Pedro Costa, Débora P. Menezes, Constança Providência, Norberto Scoccola

Ref.: Phys. Rev. D 89, 019902-11 (2014)

Abstract: The behavior of the quark condensates at zero chemical potential and finite temperature subject to an external magnetic field is studied within the three flavor Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model with Polyakov loop (PNJL) and its extension, the so-called entangled PNJL model (EPNJL). A comparison with recent lattice QCD data is performed and it is shown that at T=0  MeV the light quark condensates are in quantitative agreement. At finite temperature, although there is an overall reasonable agreement with several lattice results, it is shown that in the lattice calculations the effect due to the electric charge quark difference is stronger and the restoration of the u quark chiral symmetry starts at lower temperatures. When considering the entangled PNJL model with a Polyakov loop scale parameter that depends on the magnetic field, it is possible to obtain an earlier rise of the Polyakov loop with the increase of the magnetic field and due to the entanglement, the inverse magnetic catalysis is found as in the lattice QCD calculations

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.019902