2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008

Effect of annealing temperature on structural, morphological and dielectric properties of La(0.8)Ba(0.1)Ce(0.1)FeO(3)perovskite

Authors: Benali, EM; Benali, A; Bejar, M; Dhahri, E; Graca, MPF; Valente, MA; Sanguino, P; Costa, BFO

Ref.: J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 31(19), 16220-16234 (2020)

Abstract: The La0.8Ba0.1Ce0.1FeO3 compounds were prepared by the auto-combustion route and annealed at two different temperatures to study their effect on the structural, morphological and dielectric properties of the Barium- and Cerium-substituted LaFeO3 compound. The X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that both compounds crystallized in the orthorhombic structure belonging to the Pnma space group. The rise of the annealing temperature from 700 to 900 °C was found to lead to the increase of the average grain size value as characterized by SEM. Furthermore, two clear relaxations phenomena have been detected using the Nyquist and Argand’s plots of dielectric impedance and Modulus curves at different temperatures, which are attributed to both grain and grain boundary contributions. Their activation energies have been calculated not only from the frequency dependence of both imaginary parts of impedance (Z″) and modulus (M″) but also from the contribution of the resistances deduced from the Nyquist plots. These plots have been adjusted using two circuits in series, each of which containing a resistance in parallel to a CEP capacitance. The conduction mechanism was analyzed by ac conduction using the Jonscher’s power law. The NSPT conduction model has been confirmed for both compounds in which the rise in heat treatment decreases the binding energy of carriers.

DOI: 10.1007/s10854-020-04140-w