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Full distribution of clusters with universal couplings and in-medium effects

Authors: Helena Pais; Francesca Gulminelli; Constança Providência; Gerd Röpke

Ref.: Phys. Rev. C 99, 055806 (2019)

Abstract: Light and heavy clusters are calculated for asymmetric warm nuclear matter in a relativistic mean-field approach. In-medium effects, introduced via a universal cluster-meson coupling, and a binding energy shift contribution, calculated in a Thomas-Fermi approximation, were taken into account. This work considers, besides the standard lightest bound clusters 4He, 3He, 3H, and 2H, also stable and unstable clusters with higher number of nucleons, in the range 5≤A≤12, as it is natural that heavier clusters also form in core-collapse supernova matter, before the pasta phases set in. We show that these extra degrees of freedom contribute with non-negligible mass fractions to the composition of nuclear matter, and may prevail over deuterons and α particles at high density in strongly asymmetric matter, and not too high temperatures. The presence of the light clusters reduces the contribution of heavy clusters to a much smaller density range, and to a smaller mass fraction.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.99.055806

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